Original Documents in 1600s                    1701

Links of Interest:

  • 1492 Christopher Columbus discovered America (Florida)

  • 1500s - Spanish Conquistadores explore Florida and Baja California

  • 1600s - Spanish Missionaries arrived

  • bringing disease which wiped out Native Americans in Florida

  • 1606 - King James I of England signed a charter for the Virginia Colony in the New World

  • 1607 on May 14th three ships arrived to establish the Virginia Colony, Susan Constant, Godspeed, and the Discovery with 120 emigrants who established Jamestown.

  • 1612 - Ships bringing new emigrants returned to England with superior quality tobacco collected from plantations along the James River.

  • 1614 - Marriage of English settler, John Rolfe, to Pocahontas, daughter of the Chief of the Powhatans established a treaty for almost 8 years with the Native Americans.

  • 1621 - On March 22nd Chief Powatan's brother, Opechankeao, led Native Americans who attacked the 1,240 white colonists and killed 347 of them. The colonists retaliated and massacred many Native Americans. A great plague followed and out of the 5,000 white settlers that had arrived in a three year timeframe only 300 survived.

  • 1624 - King James I of England dissolved the charter for the Virginia Company and the Virginia Colony became a Crown Colony.

  • 1625 - In January the Jamestown Census showed 1,232 people. On March 27th, King James I of England died and was succeeded by his son, Charles I.

  • 1634 - King Charles I confirmed the headright system that started in 1618 to increase the population of the Virginia Colony. The person who financed the transportation of an immigrant received 50 acres of land in the Virginia Colony. As the grant itself did not pay the entire cost, the immigrant became indentured or contracted to work for a specified time to pay for his or her transportation.

  • 1635 - Virginia Colony population at 3,000. Ships brought 1,500 to 2,000 settlers to Virginia yearly.

  • 1649 - King Charles I beheaded as a result of the English Civil War. Cavaliers (Loyalists/Royalists) supported the monarchy and Roundheads supported Oliver Cromwell, who won the war. Seven ships crowded with passengers most of them Loyalists and 1,500 Royalist prisoners went to the Virginia Colony. There were 12 counties in Virginia and 20 churches.

  • 1660 - King Charles II, son of King Charles I, was invited back to England to reign after Oliver Cromwell and his son had died. However, the monarchy no longer had the power and authority like before the English Civil War.

  • 1671 - Virginia Colony population at 48,000.
    6,000 indentured servants and 2,000 Negro slaves.

  • Sources:

  • Early Virginia Families Along the James River

  • Cavaliers and Pioneers

  • Education:

    First college in America.

    Harvard Founded in 1636

  • Nine colleges were founded during the colonial period:
    1. Harvard (1636) - New England Colonies
    2. William and Mary (1693) - Southern Colonies
    3. Yale (1701) - New England Colonies
    4. Princeton (1746) - Mid-Atlantic Colonies
    5. Pennsylvania (1753) - Mid-Atlantic Colonies
    6. Columbia (1754) - Mid-Atlantic Colonies
    7. Brown (1764) - New England Colonies
    8. Rutgers (1766) - Mid-Atlantic Colonies
    9. Dartmouth (1769) - New England Colonies

    Source: Foundations of American Education, Sixth Edition page 119 / L. Dean Webb, Arlene Metha. Published by Pearson Education. 2010

  • Education:

    William and Mary College Founded in 1693

  • to train ministers to take Christianity to Native Americans. The second oldest college in America. see 1701 for next event...

  • Natural Resources: 1609-1639 Height of French Fur Trading

  • for beaver pelts for hats in Europe. Frenchmen traded with Huron Indians in Canada until Small Pox decimated half the Huron Tribe so they moved further West.
    BBC Atlas of the Natural World North America Land of the Eagle "Searching for Paradise" Documentary 2006.

  • Technology: Mid 1600s - Robert Boyle - invented the vacuum chamber or air-pump, started the Royal Society in London, England for scientists to witness experiments and discuss scientific topics. Known for Boyle's Law - "If the volume of a gas is decreased, the pressure increases proportionally."

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